B. They showed him
that an artwork with little content could still be rich in meaning.
D. He realized that
music did not need to be composed in silence.
1. What is the main
purpose of the lecture?
恒星构成，与本文内容也无关;选项B触及到Once this happens, the gas clump grows
relatively quickly as its gravity pulls in more and more gas and dust
particles. And this whole process can theoretically happen within one hundred
thousand years，毛病;选项D的出题点在于：You see, most of the outer accretion disk would have been gas. We
believe solid particles probably made up just one percent of the outer
accretion disk. 所以outer accretion disk具有的固态粒子很少，不选;选项C是说star formation，正确。挑选D。，
B. The advertisement
is seen by consumers who would be most interested in the product advertised.
A. To indicate that he
wants to change his major field of study to Japanese.
A. To have plenty of
space for all of his posters.
Now, that room is a double. Right now you have got it to
yourself but there's a chance someone else might sign up at the last minute,
not likely. But you could end up with a roommate for the summer. Would that be
D. To be closer to the
building where his summer class is.
A. To contrast it with
the formation of the Sun.
C. Tulips adapt easily
to different kinds of soil.
A. They made him
understand that artists should not be concerned with their audience.
A. It probably
occurred more often in the seventeenth century than it does today.
C. Readers formed a
negative attitude toward the car that was advertised.
B. There were plans to
open a new botanical garden in the Netherlands.
C. The student's
conclusion is only partly correct.
D. He thinks that the
audience's response to the piece was understandable.
这里是教授先率领门生温习了rock planets是怎样构成的。，所之前面的rock planets只是一个引子，为了引出实在的主题。可是这节课是要讲gas giants是怎样构成的，挑选C。其他三个选项不符
5. At the end of the
conversation, what has not yet been determined about the student's living
situation over the summer?
C. Consumers can
easily compare the product advertised with its competitors.
A. Gas planet
formation did not begin with a solid core.
D. Whether the room he
is assigned still needs to be painted.
D. The most desirable
tulips could not be produced by breeding at that time.
Oh, right. I heard he is taking a last-minute leave of
absence next year. I hope everything is okay.
B. Different research
studies have led to conflicting conclusions.
opportunities offered by the ecology department.
A. It differs from the
core-accretion theory in relatively insignificant ways.
D. To show why
marketers need to research overlapping interests.
5. According to the
professor, what characteristic of tulips aided the spread of tulip cultivation?
A. The man's recent
experience studying in a foreign country.
1. What do the
speakers mainly discuss?
5. Why does the
professor describe two types of car advertisements in a magazine for new
C. They demonstrated
the importance of collaborating with artists in other fields
B. To compare the
reactions of older and younger readers when they see a particular product.
C. Water and ammonia
are pulled in by the gravity of protoplanets more readily than other substances
D. Several dormitory
rooms have recently become available.
A. He believes that
outside noise might have distracted the audience.
TPO 38 L3
B. Readers' attention
to the advertisements varied depending on the location of the advertisements in
本题出题点在于：Tulip flowers with stripes or streaks or feather or flame patterns
on their petals, there is no doubt in my mind that these symptoms of this
breaking virus affected human behavior too indirectly, that they set off the
famous tulip craze in the Netherlands. 这类病毒会致使郁金香的花瓣上 出现条状的、羽毛样的大概烟状的图案，就是这类特此外变异致使人们对于郁金香变得猖狂。挑选C。选项C合适原文。其他三个选项不合适。
Remember, the gas giants are farther from the sun, where
temperatures are much colder. So, in the outer accretion disk, compounds like
water and ammonia exist in frozen form. Closer to the sun, they're more likely
to be vaporized by solar radiation. What this means is that in addition to
rocky and metallic particles there would be other solids like frozen water and
Well, there's two theories. 这里明白说了然接下来要讲关于gas giants构成的两种理论
A. He has received
special permission from the dean.
So according to the study, basically when I see an ad in
an unexpected place, it'll make me want to buy the product?
D. The traditional
elements in a famous piece of avant-garde music.
B. It was not as rare
in the seventeenth century as botanists believed.
Oh, sorry. I am afraid the deadline to apply for summer
housing in the dormitories has already passed. I could help you look for
something off campus.
C. The subject of her
talk had little to do with ecology.
D. He is the professor
who suggested that the student find housing off campus.
2. What do the
speakers imply about the guest speaker from class?
A. He is currently in
B. New types of plants
introduced to Europe through trade.
Two experiences in particular entirely changed how he
thought about music. First was his 1951 meeting with the avant-garde painter
C. Whether he will
have a roommate.
B. He discovered that
echoes could be eliminated from a musical piece.
3. Why was his visit
to the anechoic chamber a profound experience for Cage?
C. It influenced the
behavior of many people in the Netherlands.
Click on 2 answers
D. The student's best
options for housing over the summer.
3. Why does the man
本题出题点在于：And since these bulbs remain viable for quite a long time, even out
of the ground, they can be stored or transported long distances without much of
a problem, which helps explain the spread of tulip cultivation. 这里提到。选项B合适这一段的意义。这就让郁金香的移植变得有大要
A. To describe two new
theories about the formation of rocky planets.
I hope so. I am taking a class this summer and I need to
see about getting campus housing.
3. Why does the
professor mention car buyers who subscribe to more than one magazine?
D. Most substances
found in the core of rocky planets are also found in the core of gas planets.
本题出题点在于：And the tulips most prized for their uniqueness and beauty were
apparently the ones inflected by this mysterious virus. At that time, nobody
was really able to breed tulips like these. Color breaking happened in just two
or three out of a hundred bulbs and seemingly just by chance.和 And since you didn't really know when you bought a bulb if the
colors would break, well, Dutch speculators invested hand over fist and drove
prices sky high. 本题问郁金香的价格泡沫的缘由。这一段提到，由于郁金香会由于病毒而展现出稀疏英俊的美，所以荷兰的投资者会投资它。双选CD。其他两个挑选不合适原文意义。这两句话分辨对应选项D和选项C。而且这类变种很难野生滋生，炒高它的价格
1. What do the
speakers mainly discuss?
C. Its gravity caused
clumps to form in the surrounding gas.
D. To explain why
young stars are often surrounded by disks of gas and dust.
B. He believed any
noises could be musical if arranged carefully.
B. Her research is
directly related to material from class.
3. What point does the
professor emphasize when he mentions water and ammonia?
D. Consumers are repeatedly
exposed to the advertisement.
4. How did the man get
information about the domestic-exchange program?
But there are limits to how incongruent the media should
be. You don't want a totally mismatch. So in a magazine aimed at new parents,
you often see car advertisements since parents buy and drive cars. But there
are different types of cars, right? For example, placing an ad here for a big
roomie van, which is popular with big families would make sense, but a snappy
sports car with only two seats? Well, that would clearly be too much of a
B. To avoid the
inconvenience of moving twice.
TPO 38 L4
TPO 38 C2
这里教授的yes and no是对门生题目标回答。选项C正确。门生问那能否是他在任何出乎料想的地方看见广告，教授说这个说法不全对。，他就会想要买广告上的工具。其他三个选项晓得毛病
2. According to the
professor, how was John Cage influenced by Rauschenberg's white paintings?
C. Wealthy individuals
wanted to show that they could afford expensive merchandise.
D. Readers' responses
to the cooking articles were not affected by the presence of car
A. To compare the
common features of advertisements in congruent and incongruent media.
A. She does not agree
with the conclusions of the study.
6. According to the
professor, what factors contributed to a dramatic rise in the prices of some
tulips in the early seventeenth century?
A. To emphasize the
importance of product design in appealing to readers with different interests.
We believe our solar system began as a huge spinning
cloud of dust and gas, which flattened and eventually collapsed in on itself.
The matter it's centered condensed into a ball of hot gas and dust, eventually
becoming our sun. And what happened to the remaining cloud?
They actually took more time to read the ad.
D. Gas planets form
over a relatively short time.
Her talk on wildlife population modeling, well, it was
Well, the audience was outraged. Music critics called the
piece ridiculous. But Cage saw no reason for the outrage.
C. To compare the
composition of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
2. What can be
inferred about Professor Wilson?
C. He recognized the
possibility of recording his body's natural sounds.
A. Techniques for
breeding unusual varieties of tulips in the Netherlands.
D. To introduce recent
discoveries about rocky planets in other solar systems.
A. Solid forms of
water and ammonia may have contributed to the formation of the gas giants.
TPO 38 L1
C. To point out that a
medium that is too incongruent with a product will not reach potential buyers
of that product.
B. The demand for
tulips increased in Persia and the Ottoman Empire.
Well, keep in mind that potential car buyers don't read
only car magazines. Most have other interests. Many of them probably subscribe
to other magazines, a news weekly, a financial publication, something related
to a special interest or hobby. So what marketers have to do then is carefully
research potential customers and look for overlapping interests, which magazine
overlaps most with the interests of the car buyer. 这里谈到了
C. To show that he is
not interested in studying in a foreign country next year.
But the concept of these paintings actually wasn't so
D. The impact of a
plant virus in the Netherlands in the seventeenth century.
5 to 10 Earths...uh, with a mass that big, I guess
gravity would start to pull in more and more material faster, right?
B. His professor has
discussed the situation with the woman.
Well, see, I only found out yesterday I need to take this
course. It wasn't really my idea. I mean I was gonna take it in the fall. It is
a course I need for my major in cognitive science, Professor Wilson was
supposed to teach it but now...
B. It does not take
into account the amount of time needed for gas planets to form.
discovered how to breed tulips that were resistant to certain plant diseases.
D. To point out that
magazines are the most effective type of incongruent medium for placing
C. The concepts behind
a piece by an avant-garde composer.
And you know I’ve lived here in southern Florida my whole life. And I’ve always been interested in Montana. The university in Montana,
where I want to go, has classes that deal specifically with the ecology there.
C. Information the man
found at a booth in the student center.
1. What is the lecture
B. Whether the student
can switch to a single room.
D. How advertising
using only one type of media can increase brand awareness.
First, it's obvious that people reading a car magazine
are interested in cars. So if you place a car ad there, you know you are
reaching the right audience. Also, research shows that when people read an ad
in a congruent medium, afterwards, they have pretty good recall of what was
C. The last longer
than 4 minutes and 33 seconds.
D. Dutch botanists
became skilled in crossbreeding plants.
A. Tulips grown from
seeds produce bulb within a year.
本题出题点在于：There's an explanation for the origin of the name "tulip"
that kind of reflects this. Apparently, it came from a Persian word for
"turban", you know, a cloth wound round the head. Um, a style of
headgear worn by men in that part of the world. 这里提到了turban。是阿谁地域的汉子会带的一种帽子。挑选A。其他三个选项分歧适
2. What opinion does
the professor express about color breaking in tulips?
C. He wants to
experience a different regional culture there.
本题出题点在于：In the 17th century, the Netherlands was among the most important
trading centers in all of Europe with lots of rich merchants who wanted to
showcase their wealth, for example, by displaying exotic tulips in their
private gardens. 在17世纪，很多有钱的商报酬了显摆自己的财富，正确。其他三个选项则没有原文按照。挑选C
Last week we discussed the formation of Earth and the
other rocky planets, of planets in the inner solar system. Uh, so, what about
the gas giants? Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
Now, there's another approach, that's placing ads in
Oh, well, in that case I guess we'd better make an
exception for you.
D. He saw information
about the program posted on a bulletin board.
B. To give an example
of a place where many students go to study abroad.
D. They do not include
an actual piano.
5. According to the
professor, what are two claims of the disk-instability theory?
A. She is enthusiastic
about her field of work.
3. Why is the woman
willing to make an exception for the student?
C. He believed that
unintentional noises could serve as replacements for musical instruments.
B. Water and ammonia
were not common substances in the outer accretion disk.
The second key experience in Cage's development came when
he stepped in an anechoic chamber. An anechoic chamber is a room with special
walls that absorb sound. Anechoic means without echoes. So an anechoic chamber
was a room where, in theory, you can experience total silence. But Cage entered
this room and he heard two sounds, one high and one low. The high sound, he was
told, was his nervous system operating, and the low sound was his blood
A. It started to shed
grains of rock and metal into the solar system.
A. Which dormitory he
will be in.
B. How long he can
stay in the room he is assigned.
C. To explain why the
tulip was considered an exotic flower in Europe.
Now, avant-garde is a term that applies many different
artistic genres. Rauschenberg had created a series of famous paintings that
consisted simply of white paint of different textures on canvas. That's all
they were: white.
Click on 2 answers
6. Which is right
about the professor's opinion about the disk-instability theory?
B. The man's interest
in spending a year at another university.
A. He discovered that
he could still hear sounds inside the chamber.
A. There was an
increase in trade between the Netherlands and Persia.
Yes, Susan Brown's certainly a lively speaker. What a
shame she didn't go into teaching.
B. Critical reactions
to twentieth-century experimental art forms.
D. It collided with
D. To let professor
know that he took challenging ecology courses in Japan.
C. He suspects that
the audience did not want to offend the composer.
A. Readers paid
attention to the advertisements because the product advertised did not match
the magazine's theme.
5. Why is the man
interested in Montana?
A. The advantages of
congruent over incongruent media for advertising cars.
B. They contain sounds
that are intentional.
Now this study suggests that because the people reading a
cooking magazine didn't expect to see a car ad, they actually paid more
attention. And so for example, when people who like reading about cars see a
car ad in a car magazine, they might pass over it quickly, while here...
D. He believed that
compositions with random noises could be interpreted in different ways.
B. He thinks that
music critics appreciated the piece more than the general audience did.
6. What does the
professor mean when she says this:
B. To emphasize the
unique color patterns of some tulips.
D. He wants to study
the environment of a particular region there.
5. What does the
professor imply when he discusses the audience at the first performance of
Now, the other theory is called the disk instability
Over time, dust particles within a gas clump coalesce,
bond together, and eventually fall toward the center, creating a core. Once
this happens, the gas clump grows relatively quickly as its gravity pulls in
more and more gas and dust particles. And this whole process can theoretically
happen within one hundred thousand years.
D. Tulips are
relatively resistant to plant viruses.
3. According to the
professor, what is one reason that the Dutch started cultivating tulips?
B. To discuss
competing theories about the formation of gas planets.
4. What was Cage's
attitude toward found sound?
C. To use the
information as the basis for another topic of discussion.
got a note from the dean approving the whole situation.
A. How the student can
get permission to stay on campus over the summer.
D. They inspired him
to compose music that created visual impressions in listeners.
A. To offer an
explanation for how the tulip got his name.
B. The advantages of
using magazines over television as an incongruent advertising medium.
A. The influence of
avant-garde music on twentieth-century painting.
C. It is more
applicable to star formation than the core-accretion theory is.
Material, meaning gas. It would rapidly pull in more and
more gas from the accretion disk, so you end up with a solid core of rock,
metal and ice surrounded by massive amounts of gas.
1. What does the
professor mainly discuss?
B. He asked an
employee in the study-abroad office about the program.
C. Dutch speculators
enthusiastically bought tulip bulbs as investments.
A. He wants to work
with foreign-exchange students.
Cage was profoundly affected. He realized that music
doesn't need to be created intentionally. We find it all around us. This idea
came to be called found sound. It's the sounds that are already there, traffic
outside your window, or whatever. For Cage, they were just as musical as sounds
made by musical instruments.
TPO 38 C1
A. Consumers process
the information more carefully than they would if it appeared in other media.
The disk instability theory holds that gas begins the
planet-making process, without a solid core. You see, most of the outer
accretion disk would have been gas. We believe solid particles probably made up
just one percent of the outer accretion disk.
Oh, well. Guess I just have to move twice.
B. To emphasize the
importance of keeping a marketing strategy up-to-date.
C. The spread of plant
diseases throughout seventeenth-century Europe.
4. According to the
professor, what could have occurred when a protoplanet in the outer accretion
disk reached a mass of five to ten Earths?
B. Tulip bulbs can be
removed from the ground and stored.
B. He will not teach
at the student's university in the fall.
2. According to the
professor, what is one of the advantages of placing an advertisement in
C. He picked up a
leaflet from a booth at the student center.
C. He does not
generally teach courses over the summer.
C. To give an example
of how marketing can expand a magazine's readership.
The rocky planets were born.
B. To correct a common
misunderstanding about accretion.
A. He spoke with students
who had participated in the program.
C. How incongruent
media can be used for effective advertising.
2. Why does the
professor review the formation of rocky planets?
1. What does the
professor mainly discuss?
C. Gas planet
formation can occur anywhere in the accretion disk.
D. The student's
conclusion applies to congruent, but not incongruent, media.
A. He considered found
sound to be a theoretical concept with no practical use.
A. They take place
D. It will probably never
be duplicated through controlled breeding.
C. To get a room that
has been recently repainted.
But as the century progressed, some composers, composers
of what was called avant-garde music, went further. Their experiments with
musical composition were not always well accepted. Quite the contrary, you see,
many people felt avant-garde music was too radical and wasn't even legitimate
I mean, it’s confounding people even today! Cage's silent composition is still
performed all over the world, but I’m afraid to say,
it's often misinterpreted. It's been choreographed, in dance performances for
instance, in which case the sound was the beat of the dancers' feet against the
stage floor. 教授这里提到。，可是是毛病的操纵。所以实在现在的这些名义上是非报酬的声音实在是报酬的。挑选B。现在Cage的这类非报酬作曲也是还在被音乐家操纵的，比如说舞会上舞蹈家的鞋敲击地板的声音
4. Why does the
professor mention a turban worn by some men?
C. He is willing to
live in off-campus housing.
D. Solid particles are
believed to own a small proportion of the outer accretion disk.
C. The university's
rules for keeping dorm rooms well maintained.
A case in point is the composer John Cage.
And once their mass reaches a certain point, around about
5 to 10 Earths, what would happen?
Well, I’m in Randolph Hall right now, but my roommate's graduating in May so
I have signed up for a single in Murphy for the fall, room 206. I was hoping I
might be able to just move in there now.
B. He wants to
participate in outdoor activities there.
4. What does the
student request a specific room in Murphy Hall?
Well, neither had the guys in the booth. They didn't know
what I was talking about. But when I talked to the supervisor in the study
abroad office, it turns out we are part of a... a group of universities
throughout the U S that does a domestic exchange program.
To the disk encircling the sun when it was a young star?
6. Why does the
professor consider many of today's performance of 4'33"to be
Actually I just spent last summer studying in Tokyo. I
think that satisfied my urge to travel.
D. She was a teacher
before working at the wildlife conservation center.
B. Gas planets cannot
form in extremely cold temperatures.
D. To describe
differences between Dutch tulips and Persian tulips.
TPO 38 L2
Okay. Let's move on, to bacteria and viruses that can
infect plants. And let's start out with a virus that's rather common in various
plants but first became known in connection with tulips.
Well, yes and no.
4. The professor
describes a research study in which advertisements for a car were placed in a
cooking magazine. What did the researchers find?
B. Its gravity began
to pull in huge amounts of the surrounding gas.