Critical Reading > Sentence Completions
Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
1、Because King Philip's desire to make Spain the dominant power in sixteenth-century Europe ran counter to Queen Elizabeth's insistence on autonomy for England, ------- was -------.
(A) reconciliation . . assured
(B) warfare . . avoidable
(C) ruination . . impossible
(D) conflict . . inevitable
(E) diplomacy . . simple
The correct answer is D
The word "because" indicates that the information in the first part of the sentence (the part before the comma) explains the reason for the situation described in the second part. The first part states that what King Philip wanted (domination for Spain) "ran counter to" what Queen Elizabeth wanted (independence for England). Choice (D) logically completes the sentence: Given that there was such a fundamental disagreement between the two monarchs, "conflict" would likely be "inevitable," or unavoidable.
2、A dictatorship ------- its citizens to be docile and finds it expedient to make outcasts of those who do not ------- .
(A) forces . . rebel
(B) expects . . disobey
(C) requires . . conform
(D) allows . . withdraw
(E) forbids . . agree
The correct answer is C
Answering this question depends in part on your knowledge of vocabulary. You have to know what the words “dictatorship,” “docile,” and “expedient” mean. You also have to watch out for key words such as not. If you leave out the word not then answer choices like (A) and (B) make sense. But only choice (C) makes sense. A dictatorship would probably require its citizens to be docile & make outcasts of those who do not conform to its rules.