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SAT 语法3道改进句子训练题
作者:admin 2014-6-13 15:10 浏览(2429)
导读:1. Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth century B.C., worshipped a godd ...

1. Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as Bona Dea, "the good goddess."

  (A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers

  (B) Basing it on various ancient writers' accounts

  (C) With accounts of various ancient writers used for a basis

  (D) By the accounts of various ancient writers they used

  (E) Using accounts of various ancient writers

  2. Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

  (A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

  (B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

  (C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses.

  (D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

  (E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

  3. State officials report that soaring rates of liability insurance have risen to force cutbacks in the operations of everything from local governments and school districts to day-care centers and recreational facilities.

  (A) rates of liability insurance have risen to force

  (B) rates of liability insurance are a force for

  (C) rates for liability insurance are forcing

  (D) rises in liability insurance rates are forcing

  (E) liability insurance rates have risen to force

  参考答案:

  Answer to Question 1

  In choice A, the introductory clause beginning Based on modifies scholars, the noun that immediately follows it: in other words, A says that scholars were based on the accounts of various ancient writers.

  Choice B is awkward and imprecise in that the referent for the pronoun it is not immediately clear.

  C and D are also wordy and awkward, and in D By the accounts... they used is an unidiomatic and roundabout way of saying that scholars used me accounts

  E, the best choice, is clear and concise; it correctly uses a present participle (or "-ing" verb) to introduce the modifier describing how the scholars worked.

  Answer to Question 2

  In A, the they after because is ambiguous; it seems illogically to refer to Formulas because they and Formulas 158 are each the grammatical subject of a clause and because the previous they refers to Formulas.

  In A and B, do not apply to... in the same way as they do to is wordy and awkward. D, the best choice, says more concisely in the same way as to. Also in B, because they refer to formulas, the introductory clause states confusedly that the formulas are growing.

  In C and E, subject to the [same] applicability of... is wordy, awkward, and imprecise; furthermore, are is preferable either before or after established big businesses to complete the comparison.

  Finally, the referent of they is not immediately clear in E.

  Answer to Question 3

  In choices A and B, rates of is incorrect; when rates means "prices charged," it should be followed by for.

  Also in B, are a force for does not accurately convey the meaning that the soaring rates are actually forcing cutbacks in the present.

  In A and E, it is redundant to say that soaring rates have risen.

  Similarly, the word rises makes D redundant. C, the best choice, is idiomatic and concise, and it correctly uses the progressive verb form are forcing to indicate an ongoing situation.

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