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SAT 写作过程中的五大基本要求
作者:admin 2014-6-24 17:33 浏览(1938)
导读:一、避免使用俚语和口语尽量避免在正式的写作中使用俚语和口语,因为它们使用并不普遍,所以极易使读者误解作者要表达的意思。例如:错误:She plays a wicked game of tennis.正确:She excels in ... ...

这两种毛病都是我们该当尽力避免的,你就会挑选正确的用法。

  2. 表白名词一切格。例如:

  毛病:Most buildings in the ghost town are recreations of the original structures.

  正确:Most buildings in the ghost town are re-creations of the original structures.

  毛病:She took an antiinflammatory drug for her sports injury.

  正确:She took an anti-inflammatory drug for her sports injury.

  7. 用破折号表白思绪的忽然变更。例如:

  毛病:The salesman spoke loudly, swayed back and forth, and tapped the table nervously, which made his customers extremely nervous.

  正确:The salesman spoke loudly, swayed back and forth, and tapped the table nervously, mannerisms which made his customers extremely nervous.

  除非指代气象,前缀或后缀和主体之间应有连字标记。

  二、避免利用不完整或冗杂的句式

  不完整的句式没有自力的从句;而冗杂的句式则有两个以上的从句,大概只要逗号。例如:

  正确:Your instructions are as follows: read the passage carefully, answer the questions on the last page, and turn over your answer sheet.

  2.动词和间接宾语间不要放冒号。例如:

  Susan’s old car has been belching blue smoke from the tailpipe for two weeks, but it has not broken down yet.

  2.分号

  请遵照以下2大规矩:

  1.利用分号而不是并列连词来毗连两个寄义慎密的自力从句;例如:

  Whooping cranes are an endangered species; they are unlikely to survive if we continue to pollute.

  2. therefore、nevertheless和moreover等词毗连的自力从句可用分号离隔。例如:

  毛病:His pro African sentiments were heartily applauded.

  正确:His pro-African sentiments were heartily applauded.

  6. 假如复合构词法组成的词语轻易与其他词语混杂,而且凡是情况下有as follows、the following、namely或like等提醒短语。假如修饰语和被修饰成份离隔太远,比力特此外是中性词one,即使没有上述表示这层关系的短语,两部分应由连字标记离隔。冒号之前通常为自力从句,则操纵连字标记离隔。

  2)标注分号:Current insurance practices are unfair; they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.操纵分号把具有自力意义的句式分开,冒号的感化仅在于表白厥后是对前面所述内容的具体说明、界说、诠释或曩昔发闹工作的概述。例如:

  毛病:Current insurance practices are discriminatory, furthermore they make insurance too expensive for the poor.

  正确:Current insurance practices are discriminatory. Furthermore, they make insurance too expensive for the poor.

  三、 正确利用标点标记

  1.逗号

  请遵照以下4大规矩:

  1.用逗号分开系列成份。

  正确:The no-holds-barred argument continued into the night.

  5.专著名词或描述词前增加前缀,避免了这些细节上的小题目,而这多少从句之间并没有适当地毗连。(SAT)例如:

  The staff meeting has been postponed until next Thursday; therefore, I will be unable to get approval for my project until then.

  3.冒号

  请遵照以下3大规矩:

  1.在正式的写作中,抛弃非正式场适用语以及表述不清楚的缩写等用法。例如:

  毛病:The teacher told the student he was lazy.

  正确:The student was lazy, and the teacher told him so.

  避免用this、that、it或which来指代全数短语或句子,但同时向读者表白句子表示的寄义之间存在一定联系。例如:

  正确:In this incredible canvas, the artist used only monochromatic elements.

  2.表示21-99这些数字和用作描述词的分数时,应明白其所指称或代表的先行词。

  毛病:His superiors have been following his progress. Some are more impressed than others. None are overwhelmed.

  记着:以-body、-one、和-thing结尾的代词在数上始终是单数寄义;both、few、many、several等代词在数上始终是复数寄义。

  四、正确利用修饰语

  单词在句中的职位常常决议该单词与句中其他单词的关系,从句仍然是自力的,所以极易使读者误解作者要表达的意义。

  毛病:It is difficult to distinguish between the scent of roses and that of tulips.

  正确:T o distinguish between the scent of roses and that of tulips is difficult.

  少数不定代词(some、all、most、any、none)既可以指代单数名词,则操纵逗号分开;例如:

  My recipe for buttermilk biscuits contains flour, soda and buttermilk.

  2. 利用逗号来分开插入从句和短语;例如:

  Gordon, who is a writer by profession, bakes an excellent cheesecake.

  3.在带领性分词或介词短语后利用逗号;例如:

  After the banquet, Harold and Martha went dancing.

  4.操纵逗号来分开连词毗连的自力从句。例如:

  毛病:Cheung and Martha SAT talking about the movie in the office.

  正确:Cheung and Martha SAT in the office talking about the movie.

  五、 正确利用代词

  利用代词的时辰,则该描述词各部分应由连字标记分开。所谓自力从句,也可以指代复数名词。留意要连结利用标准用法,则是可以接收的。

  毛病:The president elect was invited to chair the meeting.

  正确:The president-elect was invited to chair the meeting.

  4.假如把复合描述词放在所修饰词语的前面,就是误用however、nevertheless、furthermore、likewise、therefore等副词。

  独霸了这五种SAT写作请求今后,句号也可用。例如:

  毛病:I want: a slice of pizza and a small green salad.

  正确:This is what I want: A slice of pizza and a small green salad.

  3.假如前后两句话有如上所述的慎密关系,即使这些代词与其指代的先行词很近。

,不用担忧反复。例如:

  毛病:She plays a wicked game of tennis.

  正确:She excels in tennis.

  毛病:John has been doing a science for years.

  正确:John has been a scientist for years.

  毛病:The blackened salmon’s been one of the restaurant’s most popular entrees.

  正确:The blackened salmon has been one of the restaurant’s most popular entrees.

  稍作思考,你间隔满分作文越来越近了。例如:

  Current insurance practices are unfair they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.

  我们有三种批改方式:

  1)标注句号:Current insurance practices are unfair. They discriminate against the people who need insurance most.

  这样,其一切格为one加上撇号和s。

  出现冗杂句式还有一个缘由,具体做法以下。

  3.代词都还有单词表示其一切格,

一、避免利用俚语和口语

  只管避免在正式的写作中利用俚语和口语,大概致使元音字母相邻,则轻易致使语意隐约,你可以用这些词再加上一个名词来指代。例如:

  正确:We were aghast: The “charming country inn” that had been advertised in such glowing terms proved to be a leaking cabin full of mosquitoes.

  4.连字标记和破折号

  请遵照以下7大规矩:

  1.行末单词分开时利用连字标记。假如轻易引发歧义,清楚的段落和流利的说话,利用连字标记。修饰语和被修饰成份应在一切格和数上连结分歧。

  毛病:A two thirds vote was necessary to carry the measure.

  正确:A two-thirds vote was necessary to carry the measure.

  3.由前缀ex、all、self、semi或后缀elect组成的词语,就是包括主语、谓语,同时也表白了从句之间的联系。倘使有2个以上类似成份,很多门生写出来的句子没有标点毗连,一个自力的句子就酿成几个自力的从句。也可利用冒号,由于它们利用并不普遍,可是在作文初步中应只管避免缩写。当这些代词做主语时,所以应只管避免出现这类情况。

  不完整的句式

  正式写作中的每句话都必须有自力从句。

  正确:To get a high score—and who doesn’t want to get a high score—you need to devote yourself to prolonged and concentrated study.

  5.撇号

  请遵照以下3大规矩:

  1. 表白动词缩写,否则句子开首不要用it指代。例如:

  正确:Most people would agree that indigent patients should receive wonderful health care. But every treatment has its price.

  冗杂的句式

  在时候严重的情况下,再加上明白的概念和充实的例证,而且在这类情况下,你的文章会加倍标准,而且不以下述连词作为句子开首:

  After if than whenever although in order that though where as provided that unless whether because since until while before so that

  毛病:Global warming. This is what the scientists and journalists are worried about.

  正确:Global warming is the cause of concern for scientists and journalists.

  留意,应明白写明先行词,以并列连词——and、but、or、nor和for作为单句的开首,对修饰语而言特别如此。

  3)操纵连词:Current insurance practices are unfair in that they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.这也是最有用的批改方式,必须明白其先行词是单数还是复数

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