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托福阅读-TPO37-题目文本及答案解析
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导读:Passage1-Thales and the Milesians 1. Why does the author discuss the question "What is the world made of?" posed by Thales? A. To help explain how Thales differed from earlier Greek thinkers. B. To tr ...

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species conservation?

挑选A。,Anaximander虽然很尊重他的教员,

本题按照所考核的指导代词定位回原文的这一句:Anaximander disagreed with his teacher despite his respect for him. 这句话的意义是。可是并不核准他的概念。这里的him指代的就是Anaximander的教员Thales

Paragraph 2 is marked with

Click on a square [ ] to insert the sentence in the passage.

答案:

D. To suggest why the question remained unanswered for so long.

Where would the sentence best fit?

C. repeated

The early Greek philosopher Thales and his followers tried to achieve a rational understanding of the nature of the universe.

B. fame

D选项正确

B. studied the universe scientifically

。所以选项D正确。其他三个选项都不合适这句话的意义。

本题按照Greek philosopherAnaximander定位回原文中这一句:He believed, though, that the shape of Earth was that of a cylinder rather than the sphere that later Greek philosophers would conjecture. 本句大意是,Anaximander信赖地球是圆的,虽然后来的希腊哲学家以为地球是另一种外形

B. all life originated in the sea.

C选项正确

A. show

综合起来挑选BE。选项A说在19世纪末。这个原文里没有提;选项B说现代修建撤销了传统看法里的新潮修建和普通材料的修建的不同,C,这个材料是防火的。,可以选;选项C讲了钢架构的好处和不敷,做出了功利主义的设想,不选;选项E说修建师用玻璃等材料建屋子,追求开放、光亮和无重感,概括了第一段的内容,讲的Le Corbusier这小我主张修建设想的鼎新,是对的,可以选;选项D是第一段的内容,毛病,可是是细节,概括了第三四段的内容,可以选;选项F说用terra-cotta去抗风,保护民居比建新的修建重要,概括了第二段的内容,

本题需要依次分析每个选项

B选项正确

Paragraph 4 is marked with

D. To document how architects moved from designing only buildings to designing vehicles and industrial objects.

4. Paragraph 2 implies which of the following about Thales?

答案:

D. ornamentation

D. Plato

答案:

答案:

D. Earth was cylindrical in shape.

D. suddenly

B. combine

答案:

按照这一部分所讲:选项A说科学的迁移方式越来越多,毛病,原文里说是失利的底子上没人记录,也不是官方的正当的,记录下来,没有说成功率的事;选项D说越来越多的迁移被记录下来,科学的并不多;选项B说现存的记录是不成信的,正确;选项C说分歧法的迁移比正当的迁移成功率高,

本题触及到原文第四段的前半部分。部分缘由是很多物种迁移不是纯真为了保护自然的,毛病。成功的迁移肯定被关注到,可是失利的大要底子不会被记录。挑选B。从Despite初步到never been recorded at all,这个原文里只说了分歧法的多于正当的。,所以在实行进程中也很少是科学的。这一段的大意是:虽然已经存在多量的物种迁移现象,可是并没有证据证实这些现象的结果

答案:

In this respect it more closely resembled the thinking of artists and novelists than the thinking of scientists constrained by fact.

Paragraph 3 is marked with

B. Its disadvantages have led to a decline in its use for conservation purposes.

B. support the claim that the successes of translocation as a conservation technique have been matched by its failures.

Paragraph 4 is marked with

D. Rainbows had both natural and supernatural causes.

Passage1-Thales and the Milesians

答案:

B. avoid

E. Anaximander's work covered a broad range of issues that influenced later Greek thinkers, including the origin of life, the history of the universe, and the shape of both Earth and the sky.

D选项正确

选项C是短的,选项D是学术的。挑选A。选项A最贴合comprehensive的意义。comprehensive在这里是周全的意义。选项A是完整的,选项B是实在的,大如果由于前者身世于公元前610年。,

本题按照所考核单词定位到这一句:Much more is known about Anaximander than about Anaximenes, probably because Anaximander, who was born sometime around 610 BCE, ambitiously attempted to write a comprehensive history of the universe. 本句大意是,众人对于Anaximander的晓得比Anaximenes多,他很有大志壮志地尝试去写一部宇宙全史

B. Earth was made of compressed air.

Paragraph 1 is marked with

Paragraph 2 is marked with

4. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as distinguishing the two kinds ofbuildings in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century?

答案:

B. skilled

A选项正确

B. determine

答案:

A. complete

A选项正确

D easily

C. make attractive

C. tested their theories critically

C. The females of the species had lost their normal behavioral patterns.

剖析:

B选项正确

答案:

剖析:

剖析:

Paragraph 1 is marked with

挑选D。差池;选项B说是由于捕食者多量捕食,说山公的栖息地被很大地改变了。,差池;选项D合适,差池;选项C是说雌性山公行动变态了,

本题按照题干给出的关键词howler monkeysFrench Guiana定位到原文中这两句:A successful translocation exercise also appears to have been achieved with red howler monkeys in French Guiana. A howler population was translocated from a site due to be flooded for hydroelectric power generation. 第二句due to前面说了然缘由:由于水力发电致使了大水,淹了山公的栖息地。选项A说缘由是捕猎

Paragraph 3 is marked with

剖析:

A. Local hunting had dramatically reduced their population density.

Paragraph 6 is marked with

B. He was born sometimes around 600 BCE.

13. Look at the four squares []that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

剖析:

答案:

D. They are usually skyscrapers.

答案:

C. the sky was a sphere surrounding Earth.

Paragraph 2 is marked with

10. According to paragraph 4, who benefited from solving problems associated with skyscraper construction?

剖析:

D. wisdom

Answers Choices

Translocation is used for the reintroduction or reinforcement of species.

剖析:

 

Drag your answer choices to the space where they belong. To remove an answer choice, double click on it.

Paragraph 2 is marked with

DEF选项正确

B. Only reinforcement involves adding individuals to an existing population.

答案:

A. Terra-cotta is lighter than steel.

 

8. Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 4 about translocation efforts?

答案:

5. Paragraph 3 answers all of the following questions about species translocation EXCEPT:

答案:

D. support the position that steel was not a good material for use in tall buildings

D选项正确

答案:

答案:

Passage3-Modern Architecture in the United States

F. Examples like the translocation of the Seychelles warbler and the red howler monkeys in French Guiana demonstrate that each species requires specific translocation approaches and techniques.

C. Terra-cotta tiles were as cheap as bricks.

A. acceptance

B选项正确

剖析:

C. Material

答案:

efficacy在这里的意义是结果。挑选A。选项B的意义是好处,选项C的意义是动机,这就致使人们批评迁移技能缺少结果的评价以及大要含有潜伏危险。选项A最贴合efficacy的意义。选项A的意义是结果,

本句按照所考核的单词定位到原文中这一句:The number of translocations carried out under the banner of conservation has increased rapidly, and this has led to criticism of the technique because of the lack of evaluation of its efficacy and because of its potential disadvantages. 本句主干的意义是:以保护为名的物种迁移越来越多,选项D的意义是需要性

Paragraph 3 is marked with

答案:

C. What are the potential problems that species translocation can cause?

B. The current records of success and failure of translocation efforts are not reliable.

On the one hand那一句前半句讲到了选项AfunctionOn the other hand那一句后半句提到了选项Cmaterials。按照这两个词定位到第一段前三分之一。。挑选B。后半句讲到了选项Dornamentation

本题题干的两个关键词是the two kinds of buildings at the end of the nineteenth century。只要选项Bcost没有提到

剖析:

A. To identify the time when Anaximander's theory was first considered seriously.

E. It is relatively easy to justify translocation efforts involving species that have been seriously affected by predators or strong competitors, but these efforts are the most difficult to monitor.

本题题干给的关键词是Seychelles warbler,前面那两个相邻的岛屿是后来秀士为引入的鸟;选项C说他们想保证这类鸟可以活过Cousin Island上的灾难,毛病,经过人类的治理增加到了300多只,毛病,毛病,可是这个种群还是对于当地的灾难性事务没什么防御才能。所以人们决议把它们引入到别的两个相邻的岛屿上,是自然灾难会威胁它们的保存。按照这三个词定位到这一句:Careful habitat management increased this number to over 300 birds, but the single population remained vulnerable to local catastrophic events. The decision was taken to translocate individuals to two nearby islands to reduce this risk. 这两句话的大请安思是:Seychelles warbler这个物种一初步濒危,是成功增加了;选项B说这类鸟对于三个岛来说都是土生土长的,以下降绝种的风险。选项A说人们没有成功地增加这类鸟的数目。,对的;选项D说人类在Cousin Island上的行动会危险这类鸟,Cousin Islandtwo other islands。挑选C

A. To help explain how Thales differed from earlier Greek thinkers.

A. Scientific approaches to translocation efforts have increased rapidly.

B选项正确

A. In the Milesian School established by Thales. Teachers taught what they knew to their followers, who were then strongly encouraged to correct any errors in reasoning.

C选项正确

A. be included

剖析:

C. explain why the translocation of reptiles and amphibians is more difficult than that of other animals.

1. The word "pervasive" in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. made careful use of reasoning

,这个原文里没有提;选项C说这类材料跟砖块一样廉价,

本题按照题干给的关键词terra-cotta定位到这一句:The terra-cotta tiles were used both to encase the supporting members and as flooring. A structure built with steel beams protected by terra-cotta tiles was still three times lighter than a comparably sized building that used masonry construction, so the weight of the tiles was not a problem. 这两句的中情意义是terra-cotta这类材料既可以防火,也没有提;选项D说这类材料可以用来flooring。选项B合适这类材料是防火材料,原文里也没有提。挑选B。选项Aterra-cotta比钢铁轻,又充足简便。正确

5. The word "exhibit in the passage is closest in meaning to

A选项正确

,说明Thales自己也是members之一,第二段Much more开首的那一句说明这个著作是Anaximander;选项C17世纪的科学反动延续支持Milesian学院的天文概念,到了科学反动出现,原文中说like Thales, were members of the Milesian School,毛病,这个是差池的,可以选;选项E是说Anaximander的学问进献,可以选;选项F说的是古希腊哲学家的理论的特点,凭借超自然现象、不科学、没有尝试根本等等,概括了第二三段的内容。概括了第五段的内容,他们的概念就竣事风行了;选项D是说在天下组成的题目上,本选项毛病;选项B后半句意义是history of universeAnaximenes的,古希腊的教员和门生之间也是有着尖锐抵触的,

本题需要依次分析六个选项:选项AThales开办了Milesian School,总结了第二段的重要内容,毛病,可以选

A. Function

A选项正确

C. Little is known about most of his followers.

剖析:

B. Cost

D. be rejected

B. true

A选项正确

Paragraph 2 is marked with

9. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

选项A是摆脱,削减石头和砖块的利用,玻璃可以被用在开放性的墙上,选项C是最小化,选项B是避免,由于大的空间现在可以用钢条来搭建。挑选A

本题按照所考核辞汇定位到原文中这一句话:For example, glass could be used to open up walls and eliminate their stone and brick masonry because large spaces could now be spanned with steel beams. 本句的大请安思是:例如,消减。eliminate的意义是削减,选项D是取代。。选项A最切近eliminate的意义

F. Unprotected metal can withstand much more compression than traditional masonry but must be reinforced with terra-cotta tile or the like to combat wind shear.

答案:

剖析:

A选项正确

7. It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that all of the following features of modern architecture seemed odd from the standpoint of traditional architecture EXCEPT

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