D The purchase and maintenance of new machinery adds significantly to the
most helps to explain why the introduction of labor-， A Which of the following， if true
fActory owners‘ advantage despite the fACT that the owners must protect the
1 FActory workers in Beltania are guaranteed lifetime jobs， bonuses paid on the
E FActory workers demand a change of procedure in the routine tasks they perform.
of his or her previous productivity.
wages of their workers.
B Before a Beltanian fActory worker is hired， he or she must present a record
these guarantees do not discourage fActory， to a pArticular job. Paradoxically
owners from introducing labor-saving machinery. Such innovations are to the
and a wage rate that is not attached， basis of productivity and corporate profits
saving machinery is advantageous to fActory owners?
final cost of the goods produced.
C Labor-saving machinery increases productivity， thus yielding profits that
Limited competition exists among Beltanian fActories for consumer markets.
more than cover the cost of retraining workers for other jobs.