(E) III, II, I, IV
5. According to the passage, which of the following most accurately indicates the sequence of the events listed below?
自然不需要定制14法案)， (A) Congress' authority with regard to legislating civil rights had not been challenged(假如国会立法权没有被挑衅。13法案顺遂实行
(A) I, II, III, IV
I. Civil Rights Act of 1866
(E) its essential elements had not been implicit in the Thirteenth Amendment
(B) the framers had anticipated the Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education
II. Dred Scott v. Sandford
(C) the framers had believed that it would be used in deciding cases of discrimination involving non-racial groups
这一声明后来在14批改法案中得以表现， 1968年核准的美国宪法第14批改案，重如果否决最高法院在“Dred Scott v. Sandford”案件中美国黑人能够被褫夺百姓权的判决。虽然制定此同等保护法案简直实意图仍不明白，可是没能供给国会充足的权利来扩大市民权和自在仆从的同等保护。，Andrew Johnson以为：13批改案废除了仆从制，可是有一切诠释均认同这点：制定者的间接方针是为1866年的《民权法》供给宪法保障。《民权法》被总统Andrew Johnson否决。制止州政府褫夺百姓的“同等的法令保护”。《民权法》保障一切在美国身世的人属于美国的管辖
(C) I, IV, III, II
(D) most state governments had been willing to protect citizens' civil rights
就不会被订制?)， 4. The author implies that the Fourteenth Amendment might not have been enacted if(作者暗示14法案假如怎样
(B) I, IV, II, III
III. Fourteenth Amendment
6. In the context in which it appears, "overrode" most nearly means
○A trampled (答案)
Although Congress promptly overrode Johnson's veto, supporters of the act sought to ensure its constitutional foundations with the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment.
IV. Veto by President Johnson
(D) II, I, IV, III (答案)
The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1868, prohibits state governments from denying citizens the "equal protection of the laws." Although precisely what the framers of the amendment meant by this equal protection clause remains unclear, all interpreters agree that the framers' immediate objective was to provide a constitutional warrant for the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which guaranteed the citizenship of all persons born in the United States and subject to United States jurisdiction. This declaration, which was echoed in the text of the Fourteenth Amendment, was designed primarily to counter the Supreme Court's ruling in Dred Scott v. Sandford that Black people in the United States could be denied citizenship. The act was vetoed by President Andrew Johnson, who argued that the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery, did not provide Congress with the authority to extend citizenship and equal protection to the freed slaves.